Atocha Railroad Station (Estacion Atocha), Madrid – Spain
The Atocha station is really a railway complex, formed by the Madrid Atocha Cercanías and Madrid Puerta de Atocha stations of the Spanish national railways and the Atocha Renfe station of the Madrid underground. he name Atocha has become attached to the station because of the nearby basilica dedicated to Our Lady of Atocha. The train platforms were partly covered by a roof in the form of inverted hull with a height of approximately 27 meters and length of 157 meters. The steel and glass roof spreads between two brick flanking buildings. In 1985, a project of complete remodeling began, based on designs by Rafael Moneo. In 1992, the original building was taken out of service as a terminal, and converted into a concourse with shops, cafés, and a nightclub. Like the Orsay Museum in Paris, the concourse has been given a new function, this time a stunning 4,000 m2 (43,056 sq ft) covered tropical garden.
St. Pancras Station, London – England
It was opened in 1868 by the Midland Railway as the southern terminus of its mainline which connected London with the East Midlands and Yorkshire. When it opened, the arched Barlow train shed was the largest single-span roof in the world. The restored station has 15 platforms, a shopping centre and a bus station, and is served by London Underground’s King’s Cross St. Pancras station. St Pancras is owned by London and Continental Railways, along with the adjacent urban regeneration area known as King’s Cross Central, and is one of 19 stations managed by Network Rail.
Grand Central Terminal, New York – USA
uilt by and named for the New York Central Railroad in the heyday of American long-distance passenger rail travel, it is the largest such facility in the world by number of platforms with 44 serving 67 tracks along them. They are on two levels, both below ground, with 41 tracks on the upper level and 26 on the lower, though the total number of tracks along platforms and in rail yards exceeds 100. The terminal covers an area of 48 acres.Although the terminal has been properly called “Grand Central Terminal” since 1913, it has “always been more colloquially and affectionately known as Grand Central Station”, the name of the previous rail station on the same site.
Stockholm Metro, Sweden
The first line opened in 1950, and today the system has 100 stations in use, of which 47 are underground and 53 above ground. The Stockholm metro system has been called ‘the world’s longest art gallery’, with more than 90 of the network’s 100 stations decorated with sculptures, mosaics, paintings, installations, engravings and reliefs by over 150 different artists.
Moscow Metro, Russia
Opened in 1935 with one 11-kilometre line and 13 stations, it was the first underground railway system in the Soviet Union. As of 2014, the Moscow Metro has 196 stations and its route length is 327.5 km. The system is mostly underground, with the deepest section 74 metres underground at the Park Pobedy station, one of the world’s deepest. Soviet workers did the labor and the art work, but the main engineering designs, routes, and construction plans were handled by specialists recruited from the London Underground. The Britons called for tunneling instead of the “cut-and-cover” technique, the use of escalators instead of lifts, the routes, and the design of the rolling stock. The paranoia of Stalin and the NKVD was evident when the secret police arrested numerous British engineers for espionage—that is for gaining an in-depth knowledge of the city’s physical layout.
Kaohsiung MRT transfer station for the Red Line and Orange Line (Formosa Boulevard Station), Taiwan
the Dome of Light was created by renowned artist Narcissus Quagliata. The dome is the world’s largest public art installation made from individual pieces of colored glass. The work not only adds to the beauty of the station, but also adds a new dimension to the art life of the Kaohsiung and creates a new scenic spot in the city.
Il Metro Dell’Arte, Napoli – Italy
In 1911 construction on the urban section of the Rome–Formia–Naples railway, the Villa Literno–Napoli Gianturco railway was commenced, and although it was suspended for the duration of World War I, the line was eventually opened on 28 September 1925 as an urban railway service line, the first in Italy. This service is now known as Line 2.
Dubai Metro, United Arab Emirates
The Dubai Metro is a driverless, fully automated metro rail network in the United Arab Emirates city of Dubai. The Red Line and Green Line are operational, with three further lines planned. These first two lines run underground in the city centre and on elevated viaducts elsewhere (elevated railway). All trains and stations are air conditioned with platform edge doors to make this possible. Guinness World Records has declared Dubai Metro to be the world’s longest fully automated metro network with a route length of 75 kilometres.
Gare de Liege-Guillemins, Belgium
Liège-Guillemins railway station (IATA: XHN) is the main station of the city of Liège, the third largest city in Belgium. It is one of the most important hubs in the country and is one of the 3 Belgian stations on the high-speed rail network. The station is used by 15,000 people every day which makes it the eleventh busiest station in Belgium and the third in Wallonia. In 1838, only three years after the first continental railway, a line linking Brussels and Ans, in the northern suburbs of Liège, was opened. The first railway station of Liège-Guillemins was inaugurated in May 1842, linking the valley to the upper Ans station. In 1843, the first international railway connection was born, linking Liège to Aachen and Cologne.The station was modernised and improved in 1882 and in 1905 for the World Fair in Liège. The new station has 9 tracks and 5 platforms (three of 450 m and two of 350 m). All the tracks around the station have been modernised to allow high speed arrival and departure. The new station is made of steel, glass and white concrete. It includes a monumentalarch, 160 metres long and 32 metres high.
Flinders Street Station, Melbourne – Australia
Flinders Street railway station is a railway station on the corner of Flinders and Swanston Streets in Melbourne, Australia. It serves the entire metropolitan rail network. It was the first railway station in an Australian city and the world’s busiest passenger station in the late 1920s and it is the busiest station on Melbourne’s metropolitan network. The main station building, completed in 1909, is a cultural icon of Melbourne, with its prominent dome, arched entrance, tower and clocks one of the city’s most recognisable landmarks. It is listed on the Victorian Heritage Register. The Melburnian idiom “I’ll meet you under the clocks” refers to the row of clocks above the main entrance, which indicate the time-tabled time of departure for trains on each line; another idiom, “I’ll meet you on the steps”, refers to the wide staircase underneath these clocks.